Tuesday, June 28, 2005

The Sixty-Four Arts of the Ancient Indians

The sixty-four activities in fine arts and crafts are the following:

(1) gIta - art of singing.

(2) vAdya - art of playing on musical instruments.

(3) nAtya - art of dancing.

(4) nauya - art of theatricals.

(5) AlEkhya - art of painting.

(6) vichEnyaka chedya - art of painting the face and body with colored unguents and cosmetics.

(7) Art of preparing offerings from rice and flowers.

[8] Art of making a covering of flowers for a bed.

(9) dacana-vasanaiga-rAga - art of applying preparations for cleansing the teeth, cloths and painting the body.

(10) maei-bhUmika-karma - art of making the groundwork of jewels.

(11) cayyA-racana - art of covering the bed.

(12) udaka-vAdya - art of playing on music in water.

(13) udaka-ghAta - art of splashing with water.

(14) citra-yoga - art of practically applying an admixture of colors.

(15) mAlya-grathana-vikalpa - art of designing a preparation of wreaths.

(16) Art of practically setting the coronet on the head.

(17) nepathya-yoga - art of practically dressing in the tiring room.

(18) karnapatra-bhaiga - art of decorating the tragus of the ear.

(19) sugandha-yukti - art of practical application of aromatics.

(20) Art of applying or setting ornaments.

(21) aindra-jAla - art of conjuring

(22) kaucumAra - a kind of art.

(23) hasta-lAghava - art of sleight of hand.

(24) citra-cAkApUpa-bhaknya-vikAra-kriyA - art of preparing varieties of salad, bread, cake and delicious food.

(25) pAnaka-rasa-rAgAsava-yojana - art of practically preparing palatable drinks and tinging draughts with red color.

(26) sUca-vAya-karma - art of needleworks and weaving.

(27) sUtra-kriyA - art of playing with thread.

(28) vEyA yamuraka-vAdya - art of playing on lute and small x-shaped drum.

(29) prahelika - art of making and solving riddles.

(29-a) pratimAlA - art of caping or reciting verse for verse as a trial for memory or skill.

(30) durvacaka-yoga - art of practicing language difficult to be answered by others.

(31) pustaka-vAcana - art of reading books aloud.

(32) nAdikAkhyAyikA-darsana - art of enacting short plays and anecdotes.

(33) kAvya-samasyA-pUraya - art of solving enigmatic verses.

(34) Art of designing preparation of shield, cane and arrows.

(35) tarku-karma - art of spinning by spindle.

(36) Art of carpentry.

(37) vAstu-vidyA - art of engineering.

(38) raupya-ratna-parIksha - art of testing silver and jewels.

(39) dhAtu-vAda - art of metallurgy.

(40) maNi-rAga jnyana - art of tinging jewels.

(41) Akara jnyAna - art of mineralogy.

(42) Art of practicing medicine or medical treatment, by herbs.

(43) Art of knowing the mode of fighting of lambs, cocks and birds.

(44) Art of maintaining or knowing conversation between male and female cockatoos.

(45) utsAdana - Art of healing or cleaning a person with perfumes.

(46) kEsa-mArjana-kaucala - art of combing hair.

(47) Art of talking with letters and fingers.

(48) mlecchita-kutarka-vikalpa - art of fabricating barbarous or foreign sophistry.

(49) desa-bhAshya-jnyAa - art of knowing provincial dialects.

(50) pushpa-chakatikA-nirmiti-jnyAna - art of knowing prediction by heavenly voice or knowing preparation of toy carts by flowers.

(51) yantra-mAtrakA - art of mechanics.

(52) dhAraNa-mAtrakA - art of the use of amulets.

(53) samvAcya - art of conversation.

(54) mAnasa kAvya-kriyA - art of composing verse mentally.

(55) kriyA-vikalpa - art of designing a literary work or a medical remedy.

(56) chalitaka-yoga - art of practicing as a builder of shrines called after him.

(57) abhidhAna-kosa-cchando-jnyAna - art of the use of lexicography and meters.

(58) vastra-gopana - art of concealment of cloths.

(59) dyUta-vicenya - art of knowing specific gambling.

(60) AkarshNa-kriyA - art of playing with dice or magnet.

(61) bAlaka-kriyanaka - art of using children’s toys.

(62) vainAyika vidyA - art of enforcing discipline.

(63) vaijayika vidyA - art of gaining victory.

(64) vaitAlika vidyA - art of awakening master with music at dawn.


Blogger sen said...

An intresting peice of information. which i wanted ot know for a verylong time.Thanxs, hoping to see more posts like this.

8:53 PM  
Blogger Drama Queen said...

i like no 40...;)

10:31 AM  
Blogger Dr. K. Suresh., M.D.(Siddha)., said...

Very informative. Always post with reference.

1:02 AM  
Blogger Yogananda said...

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3:36 AM  

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